The Information Society

Ewan Sutherland

The Telecommunications Industry

Continuing changes in

New technologies

Changing customer needs

Privatisation

Graph of telephone lines per employee

European Union

Voice monopoly ends 31 December 1997

Derogations until 2002 for:

Possibility of two years beyond that.


Graph of conventional telephony

Mobile telephony

Graph of mobile telephony

There is considerable variability of regulatory regimes.

Also a multiplicity of technologies

European Union Memorandum of Understanding to achieve pan-European 900 MHz Groupe Speciale Mobile (GSM)

Promises of global services (e.g, Intelsat-P).


E-Plus

Germany

PCN-DCS-1800 MHz service

Launched May 1994 initially in the neues Bundeslaender

Cost DM 7-8 billion

Partners:.

Mannesmann Mobilfunk GmbH

Germany

GSM 900 MHz service "D2 Privat"

Launched June 1992

730,000 subscribers at 1 August 1994

Partners:

Cable and Wireless plc mobile telephone activities:


Mobile telephony


The United Kingdom

Regulation:

Cable & Wireless plc

Graph of Turnover of Cable & Wireless

BT plc

Growth of BT telephone lines

Price Cap

RPI = Retail Price Index

BT-MCI

Graph of Turnover at BT plc

Duopoly review


The UK has one of the most open and dynamic telecommunications markets in the world. The Government is determined to build on this to provide further benefits to both residential and business users.

Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.


Energis Communications Ltd

Energise your phone.

Cable television

Graph of cable television and telephony in UK

Strangers in UK telephony

US West

Windsor, Middlesex, Croydon, Merton, Kingston-on-Thames, Bristol, Edinburgh, Tyneside, Tilbury, Birmingham, Camden, Hackney, Haringey, Enfield

Nynex

Portsmouth, Brighton, Bromley, N Surrey

SouthWestern Bell

Wigan, Black Country, Telford, N + S Liverpool, Central Lancashire

Bell Canada

Southampton, Lambeth, Greenwich, Harrow, Ealing, Kensington, Hammersmith, THamesmead, Wandsworth, Watford, Tower Hamlets, Havering, Waltham Forest

Singapore Telecom

Bradford, Sheffield, Cambridge, Harlow


Germany

Deutsche Telekom AG

In mid-1989 Deutsche Bundespost separated into:

Ownership

Commercialisation

Deutsche Telekom is energetically ridding itself of the fossilized structures of the past decades. The new company is lively and dynamic, competent and reliable.
Dieter Horn, Head of Technical Systems Operation, Oldenburg
Graph of cable television in Germany

International activities of Deutsche Telekom AG

Sprint

Competition

Neues Bundesländer

Desperate political and economic necessity

Transfer of DM 60 billions

Program Telekom 2000

E-Plus new PCN service

East and West Germany

Graph of telephone penetration rates in East and West Germany

USA

Pressure to enter US telecoms market:

Divestiture of AT&T approved 1982 and implemented in 1984.

AT&T plus Regional Bell Operating Companies (Baby Bells or RBOCs)

Regulation


The Infobahn

cute graph

Universal service

Social obligations


Conclusion


Readings

Noam, Eli (1992) "Telecommunications in Europe" Oxford University Press, New York.

Financial Times

Communications Week International

URLs

AirTouch (formerly Pacific Telesis)

Ameritech

AT+T

Bell Atlantic

Bellcore

Bell South

MCI

Nippon Telephone & Telegraph

Pacific Bell

Southwestern Bell

Sprint Inc.

US West

US West

WilTel, USA


Copyright Ewan Sutherland, 1995.

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